Pongrácz

"Virtute et fidelitate"

The Pongrácz family de Szentmiklós and Óvár

(Abstract of the Hungarian original work)

The Pongrácz family has the same origins as the families of Szentivány, Szmrecsány, Nádasd, Baán and Potturnya (Tornyallja) and it is one of the oldest families in Lipót county. Perhaps the family has Czech origins and its first documented descendant is Lőrinc who lived in cca. 1241. Béla IV King of Hungary (1206 – 1270) gave Lőrinc's sons, Szerefil and Bogomér the land of Mátéföld, which was documented as Szentmiklós in 1268. In the same year Ladislaus IV the Cuman King of Hungary (1262 – 1290) granted Lőrinc's sons and their descendants nobel rights. Szerefil's oldest son, Andrásestablished two settlements called Andrásfalva and Szentmiklós (today: Lipótszentmiklós, Slovakia). They got the ownership of the village Óvár by the decision of the Diet of Hungary summoned in Pozsony (Bratislava) in 15th July 1458.

The family member called Dániel was documented as a Hungarian baron on 5th March 1608. Pongrácz Ferenc's sons: Ferenc, János and Gáspár were also documented as Hungarian barons in 1690. Ferenc's grandson Adám N. János acquired the title of nobility on 15th Fbreuary 1763, from whom the family's younger branch of counts is originated. The family's older branch of counts started from Gáspár's son on 9th June 1743.

Some significant members of the Pongrácz family:

István Pongrácz (1582 – 1619): Jesuit and martyr.

Education:

  • Jesuit secondary school in Kolozsvár,

  • member of the Jesuits from 1602,

  • studied philosophy in Prague and Laibach, later studied and taught in Klagenfurt and Graz, graduated in teology and was ordained as a priest.

He established a Jesuit secondary school in Homonna (today: Humenné, Slovakia) in 1615. He was sent to Kassa to help in the town's recatholization in 1619, where he with Márk Kőrösi and Menyhért Grodecz was tortured and killed, since they did not gave up their faith. Pope, St. John Paul II sainted István Pongrácz, Márk Kőrösi and Menyhért Grodecz in 1995.

Count Ágost Pongrácz (bth.: 4th November 1841):

He was member of the Upper House in the Diet of Hungary, owner of the land of Révfalu, Trencsén county (today in Slovakia). His father, Rudolf was chamberlain in service of Franz Joseph I (1848 – 1916) King of Hungary and Emperor of Austria. His grandfather, Ádám supported The Royal Hungarian Ludovica Defense Academy with a larger sum.

Baron Emil Pongrácz (1842 – 1886):

He worked in the Ministry of Finance from 1868. He travelled a lot and was a writer. His two significant books titledSzuezig és vissza (To Suez and back) andÚton-útfélen (Here and there). He worked at the Belgian magazine Indépendence for years.

Count Károly Pongrácz (bth.: 1832):

After graduating from secondary school, he entered the cadet school in Graz and became a soldier. He fought in the Second Italian War of Independence in 1859 and in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 and got an award.

1868: was appointed as a teacher of military science in Budapest

1870:a major in the Hungarian Defence Force

1876: lieutenant colonel, colonel, later general

From 1885: member of the Upper House in the Diet of Hungary, member of the Szabadelvű Párt (Liberal Party)

His military scientific work: A három fegyvernem taktikája (Tactics of the three branches of the Army).

László Pongrácz (bth.: 1824):

Schools: Pest, Komárom, Győr

1840: cadet in the 58th infantry regiment

1846: second lieutenant of the Hungarian Royal Guard

1848: captain of theHungarian Defence Force

1849: colonel in the 7th legion led by Artúr Görgey,fought at the Battle of Buda, was appointed as lieutenant colonel

1851 – 1853: went to abroad, to Hamburg and Paris

1854: married in Mercklenburg

1867: was granted a pardon andreturned home

1869: lieutenant colonel of the 3rd battallion in the Hungarian Defence Force.

Sándor Pongrácz (1823 – 1890):

He was 16 when he entered the Austrian Army as a cadet.

1859: colonel of the Boundary Police Office in the Bánát Region

1863: was awarded for his deeds in the Russian-Polish Revolution

1866: major at the Battle of Königgratz, was awarded a military cross

1873: lieutenant general

1879: retired as major general.

The Count Pongrácz family is in relation to the Kállay family. Prime Minister Miklós Kállay's two younger sons married to Pongrácz girls: Miklós Kállay married to Éna Pongrácz and András Kállay married to Erzsébet Pongrácz.

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